Hand sewing has been around for centuries. Today, few have the skills. Knowing how to sew can be liberating. You’ll never need to rely on a friend to sew on a button or stitch up a tear. 

Here’s what you’ll need.

Needles come in different sizes. Chose the right needle for your project. You’ll need to begin and end your project with a securing stitch, to prevent your work from coming undone. Thread the needle and knot the two ends together. Begin by securing the starting point of the fabric by stitching the material together, going through it several times with the needle and thread.

Chose one of these sewing techniques and begin to stitch!

The running stitch is achieved by running the needle in and out of the fabric at regular intervals with short evenly spaced stitches (1/16-inch to 1/8-inch- smaller stitches for lighter-weight fabrics). The running stitch is great for basting (used to temporarily hold together pieces of fabric that may shift while using a sewing machine) easing and gathering and it is a simple, quick way to mend a seam that has come apart

The backstitch is great for reinforcing a seam you need to be strong. It can be used on heavy or dense fabrics. It is best to begin the backstitch at the right end of your piece. 

  1. Bring needle up through the fabric at point 1.
  2. Insert needle and go down through the fabric at point 2.
  3. Bring the needle up through the fabric at point 3.
  4. Insert your needle and go down through the fabric at point 4.

The overcast stitch is used to finish cut edges on fabrics that tend to ravel, such as linens and gabardines. Your sewing machine may have an overcasting stitch that will save you from hand sewing.

The blanket stitch, also known as a whip or crochet stitch, is generally used to reinforce the edges of thick materials. It can also be used as a decorative stitch to finish the end of an un-hemmed blanket. 

  1. The first stitch will begin like a running stitch.
  2. Bring the needle up through the front of the fabric.
  3. Push the needle back through the fabric but do not pull the thread all the way. Rather, create a loop and pass your needle through it. 
  4. Pull through to the end and now you have your first blanket stitch. Repeat!